Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen
In its day, shaft XII at the Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen was the world’s largest and most modern coal-mining facility and a leading example of the development of heavy industry in Europe. Today, with its Bauhaus-influenced design, the mine is an attractive location for culture and leisure, education and business.
Hundreds of coal mines produced coal in the Ruhr area, but only one has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage since 2001. With good reason: the Zollverein Coal Mine is a masterpiece of mining architecture, created by the visionaries Fritz Schupp and Martin Kremmer.
The symmetrical arrangement of buildings is still impressive today: the facilities designed down to the last detail are a completely preserved synthesis of the arts. Until 1986, a total of 240 million tons of coal had been produced, up to 8,000 miners worked day and night above and underground.
Today, the industrial monument is a dynamic cultural and business location with museums for Industrial history and design, numerous leisure activities and events. The famous pithead frame impressively represents the change of a whole region.
About 1.5 million guests from all over the world meanwhile visit the site every year to experience the exceptional industrial architecture, participate in guided tours, visit exhibitions, celebrate festivals or relax in the Zollverein Park.
Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex
UNESCO World Heritage since 2001
From the selection criteria
The Zollverein XII Coal Mine Industrial Complex is an exceptional industrial monument by virtue of the fact that its buildings are outstanding examples
of the application of the design concepts of the Modern Movement in architecture in a wholly industrial context.
The technological and other structures of Zollverein XII are representative of a crucial period in the development of traditional heavy industries in
Europe, which were reinforced through the parallel development and application of Modern Movement architectural designs of outstanding quality.